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Faculty of Economics

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Cavalcanti, T. V. D.

On the determinants of slum formation

The Economic Journal

Abstract: We construct a simple model of a city with heterogeneous agents and housing choice to explain the determinants of slums, home to about one-third of the urban population in developing countries. The model supports the main empirical evidence regarding slum formation and is able to quantitatively assess the role of each determinant of slum growth. We show that urban poverty, inequality, and rural-urban migration explain much of the variation in slum growth in Brazil from 1980 to 2000. Ex-ante evaluation of the impacts of policy interventions shows that removing barriers to formalisation has a strong impact on slum reduction.

Keywords: Slums; Growth; Rural-Urban Migration; Land Use Regulations.

JEL Codes: O18, O15, R52

Author links: Tiago Cavalcanti  

Publisher's Link: https://doi.org/10.1111/ecoj.12626



Papers and Publications



Recent Publications


Faraglia, E., Marcet, A., Oikonomou, R. and Scott, A. Government Debt management: the Short and the Long of it Review of Economic Studies, accepted [2018]

Onatski, A. and Wang, C. Alternative Asymptotics for Cointegration Tests in Large VARs Econometrica [2018]

Fruehwirth, J., Iyer, S. and Zhang, A. Religion and Depression in Adolescence Journal of Political Economy, forthcoming [2019]