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Faculty of Economics

Journal Cover

Newbery, D. M.

Contracting for wind generation

Economics of Energy & Environmental Policy

Vol. 1(2) pp. 19-36 (2012)

Abstract: The UK Government proposes offering long-term Feed-in-Tariffs (FiTs) to low-carbon generation to reduce risk and encourage new entrants. Their preference is for a Contract-for-Difference (CfD) for all generation regardless of type. I argue that a standard CfD is unsuitable for on-shore wind, where a fixed FiT appears less risky. The estimated extra trading and balancing costs of a CfD for on-shore wind might be £56 million/yr by 2020 and £170 million/yr for all wind. The extra costs of investment risk could be comparable and additional. to low-carbon generation to reduce risk and encourage new entrants. Their preference is for a Contract-for-Difference (CfD) or a premium FiT (pFiT) for all generation regardless of type. I argue that neither is suitable for on-shore wind, where a fixed FiT appears less risky. The estimated extra trading and balancing costs of a CfD for on-shore wind might be £70 million/yr by 2020, while the cost of the increased risk incurred by a pFiT might add another £180 m/yr. If similar savings were made to projected off-shore wind investments the savings might be three times as high.

JEL Codes: Q42, L14, L94

Author links: David Newbery  

Publisher's Link: http://www.iaee.org/en/publications/eeeparticle.aspx?id=18



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