skip to content

Faculty of Economics

Journal Cover

Iyer, S. and Joshi, S.

Missing women and India's religious demography

Journal of South Asian Development

Vol. 8(3) pp. 301-331 (2013)

Abstract: This article explores the relationship between religion, caste, infant mortality and fertility across Hindus and Muslims in India using recent data from the 2006 National Family Health Survey. The analysis shows that Muslims exhibit lower infant mortality rates relative to Hindus, and that this difference is not adequately explained by socio-economic status, location and policy variables. We argue that the combination of gender preference and heterogeneity in desired fertility across religious groups offers one potential explanation for the observed differences in mortality rates. Our data support this view; the difference in infant mortality between Muslims and Hindus is concentrated at higher birth order and among girls, irrespective of their birth order. We also show that there are differences in mortality between lower-caste Hindus and higher caste Hindus in our sample.

Author links: Sriya Iyer  

Publisher's Link:

Papers and Publications

Recent Publications

Fruehwirth, J., Iyer, S. and Zhang, A. Religion and Depression in Adolescence Journal of Political Economy [2019]

Elliott, M. and Golub, B. A Network Approach to Public Goods Journal of Political Economy [2019]

Lee, Y-Y. and Bhattacharya, D. Applied welfare analysis for discrete choice with interval-data on income Journal of Econometrics [2019]

Vogt, M., Linton, O. Multiscale clustering of nonparametric regression curves Journal of Econometrics [2020]