skip to content

Faculty of Economics

Journal Cover

Beltran, Tapia, F.J.

Enclosing literacy? Common lands and human capital in Spain, 1860-1930

Journal of Institutional Economics

Vol. 9(4) pp. 491-515 (2013)

Abstract: The slow growth of the stock of human capital in Spain has been related to weak levels of economic development and a low commitment of Spanish institutions to primary education. This paper adds to these explanations by showing that common lands positively contributed to achieving significantly higher levels of both schooling expenditure and literacy rates. By supporting both municipal and households’ incomes, these collective resources sustained not only the local supply of education, but also the demand for it, although their influence decreased over time. Likewise, either low levels of economic development prevented human capital from growing endogenously or demand factors were not as important as previously argued. Lastly, even though the active intervention of the central government was crucial to promote education, its effort was not enough and human capital in Spain lagged behind other European countries in the early stages of economic development.

Author links: Francisco Beltran  

Publisher's Link: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayFulltext?type=6&fid=9051172&jid=JOI&volumeId=9&issueId=04&aid=9051171&bodyId=&membershipNumber=&societyETOCSession=&fulltextType=RA&fileId=S1744137413000209



Papers and Publications



Recent Publications


Galeotti, A., Golub, B. and Goyal, S. Targeting Interventions in Networks Econometrica [2020]

Carvalho, V. M., Nirei, M., Saito, Y. U. and Tahbaz-Salehi, A. Supply Chain Disruptions: Evidence from the Great East Japan Earthquake Quarterly Journal of Economics [2021]

Chen, C. Y.-H., Klochkov, Y. and Härdle, W. K. SONIC: SOcial Network analysis with Influencers and Communities Journal of Econometrics, forthcoming [2021]

Vogt, M., Linton, O. Multiscale clustering of nonparametric regression curves Journal of Econometrics [2020]