skip to content

Faculty of Economics

Journal Cover

Bilbiie, F. O., Monacelli, T. and Perotti, R.

Stabilization vs. Redistribution: The Optimal Monetary-Fiscal Mix

Journal of Monetary Economics, accepted

(2024)

Abstract: Stabilization and redistribution are intertwined in a model with heterogeneity, imperfect insurance, and nominal rigidity-making fiscal and monetary policy inextricably linked for aggregate-demand management. Movements in inequality induced by fiscal transfers make the flexible-price equilibrium suboptimal, thus triggering a stabilization vs redistribution tradeoff. Likewise, changes in government spending that are associated with changes in the distribution of taxes (progressive vs. regressive) induce a tradeoff for monetary policy: the central bank cannot stabilize real activity at its efficient level (including insurance) and simultaneously avoid inflation. Fiscal policy can be used in conjunction to monetary policy to strike the optimal balance between stabilization and insurance (redistribution) motives.

Keywords: Aggregate demand, Fiscal Transfers, Inequality, Optimal Monetary-Fiscal Policy, Redistribution, TANK

JEL Codes: D91, E21, E62

Author links: Florin Bilbiie  

PDF Link: https://www.janeway.econ.cam.ac.uk/working-paper-pdfs/jiwp2421.pdf


Cambridge Working Paper in Economics Version of Paper: Stabilization vs. Redistribution: The Optimal Monetary-Fiscal Mix, Bilbiie, F. O., Monacelli, T., Perotti, R., (2024)

Papers and Publications



Recent Publications


Porzio, T., Rossi, F. and Santangelo, G. The Human Side of Structural Transformation American Economic Review [2022]

Bhattacharya, D. and Shvets, J. Inferring Trade-Offs in University Admissions: Evidence from Cambridge Journal of Political Economy, accepted [2024]

Gallo, E. and Yan, C. Efficiency and Equilibrium in Network Games: An Experiment Review of Economics and Statistics [2023]

Chen, J., Elliott, M. and Koh, A. Capability Accumulation and Conglomeratization in the Information Age Journal of Economic Theory [2023]