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Faculty of Economics

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Xu, T.

The role of credit in international business cycles

CWPE1202

Abstract: The recent financial crisis raises important issues about the role of credit in international business cycles and the transmission of financial shocks across country borders. This paper investigates the international spillover of US credit shocks and the importance of credit in explaining business cycle fluctuations using a global vector autoregressive (GVAR) model with credit, estimated over the period 1979Q2 to 2006Q4 for 26 major advanced and emerging economies. Results from the country-specific models reveal the importance of bank credit in explaining output growth, changes in inflation and long term interest rates in countries with developed banking sector. The generalized impulse response function (GIRF) for a one standard error negative shock to US real credit provides strong evidence of the spillover of US credit shock to the UK, the Euro area, Japan and other industrialized economies.

JEL Codes: C32 G21 E44 E32

PDF: http://www.econ.cam.ac.uk/research-files/repec/cam/pdf/cwpe1202.pdf

Open Access Link: https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.1067