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Faculty of Economics

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Cavalcanti, T., Da Mata, D. and, Toscani, F.

Winning the oil lottery: the impact of natural resource extraction on growth

Journal of Economic Growth

Abstract: This paper provides evidence of the causal impact of oil discoveries on local development. Novel data covering the universe of oil wells drilled in Brazil allow us to exploit a quasi-experiment: Municipalities where oil was discovered constitute the treatment group, while municipalities with drilling but no discovery are the control group. The results show that oil discoveries significantly increase local production and have positive spillovers. Workers relocate from informal, low productivity agriculture to higher value-added activities in formal services, increasing urbanization. The results are consistent with greater local demand for non-tradable services driven by highly paid oil workers.

Keywords: Oil and gas, Economic growth, Local economic development, Structural transformation

JEL Codes: O13, O40

Author links: Tiago Cavalcanti  

Publisher's Link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10887-018-09161-z



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