skip to content

Faculty of Economics

Journal Cover

Jain,S., Majumdar,S. and Mukand, Sharun W.

Walk the line: conflict, state capacity and the political dynamics of reform

Journal of Development Economics

Vol. 111 pp. 150-166 (2014)

Abstract: This paper develops a dynamic framework to analyze the political sustainability of economic reforms in developing countries. First, we demonstrate that economic reforms that are proceeding successfully may run into a political impasse, with the reform’s initial success having a negative impact on its political sustainability. Second, we demonstrate that greater state capacity, to make compensatory transfers to those adversely affected by reform, need not always help the political sustainability of reform, but can also hinder it. Finally, we argue that in ethnically divided societies, economic reform may be completed not despite ethnic conflict, but because of it.

Keywords: Economic reform, State capacity, Politics, Redistribution, Compensation, Ethnic conflict

JEL Codes: D72, O20,P16

Author links:

PDF Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304387814000248/pdfft?md5=d9b71cc2814bde32993d3a3139614432&pid=1-s2.0-S0304387814000248-main.pdf

Keynes Fund Project(s):
The Politics of Economic Reform: Redistributive Promises, Transfers to Special Interests, and the Dynamics of Public Support for Economic Policy Reform (JHLI)  



Papers and Publications



Recent Publications


Ambrus, A. and Elliott, M. Investments in Social Ties, Risk Sharing, and Inequality Review of Economic Studies [2021]

Carvalho, V. M., Nirei, M., Saito, Y. U. and Tahbaz-Salehi, A. Supply Chain Disruptions: Evidence from the Great East Japan Earthquake Quarterly Journal of Economics [2021]

Li, S. and Linton, O. When Will the Covid-19 Pandemic Peak? Journal of Econometrics [2021]

Agranov, M. and Elliott, M. Commitment and (in) Efficiency: A Bargaining Experiment Journal of the European Economic Association [2021]